The Disease Control Priorities Project (DCPP) is an ongoing effort to assess disease control priorities and produce evidence-based analysis and resource materials to inform health policymaking in developing countries. DCPP has produced three volumes providing technical resources that can assist developing countries in improving their health systems and ultimately, the health of their people.
In the late 1990's the World Bank initiated work to inform priorities for control of specific diseases and to generate comparative cost-effectiveness estimates for interventions addressing the full range of conditions important in developing countries.
In 1993, the World Bank published the first edition of Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries (DCP1) with contributions from the World Health Organization, developing- an developed-world scholars, practitioners, and public health specialists. As the companion document to the World Bank's 1993 World Development Report, Investing in Health , DCP1 examined 25 priority conditions in low-and middle-income developing countries and assessed their public health significance and the cost-effectiveness of preventive and patient management interventions. The impact of the two publications was to stimulate national and international debate on health-sector investments, and to catalyze intensive work on the estimation of the disease burden and the cost-effectiveness of specific health interventions. Both publications have become reference works used extensively by policymakers, international development agencies, and academic institutions.
In the past decade, conditions in many countries have changed; knowledge has been gained about effective interventions and strategies and about the role of households, communities, and health systems in improving health conditions. In 2002, DCPP asked some 600 public health and policy experts to update DCP1, expanding research and writing about the burden of disease and cost-effective interventions for a broader range of diseases and conditions affecting developing countries. DCPP authors include scientists, epidemiologists, health economists, academicians, and public health practitioners from over 100 countries.
DCPP convened nearly three dozen technical consultations to encourage interdisciplinary debate among authors on data sources, methodologies, challenges, and priorities.
In April 2006, DCPP released the second edition of Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries (DCP2) that includes updated information about the global burden of diseases brought about by tobacco, alcohol, psychiatric disorders, and injury, which account for an increasing proportion of deaths. DCP2 highlights cost-effective interventions based on careful analysis of health systems, the costs of disease burden, treatment, and prevention for a comprehensive range of diseases and conditions.
A companion volume, Priorities in Health , synthesizes DCP2 main messages into a plain language reference guide for policymakers. Priorities in Health is available in seven languages.
Another major volume, Global Burden of Disease and Risk Factors (GBD), provides a snapshot of health conditions of mankind at the dawn of the 21 st century. GBD is a single source of up-to-date data on the global burden of disease, as well as the underlying methodologies for the cost-effectiveness calculations and conclusions presented in DCP2.
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