Related Analysis

These materials support, supplement, or expand on DCPP concepts and main messages.
Diseases and Conditions, HIV/AIDS, Interventions and Strategies, Prevention What Will it Take to Prevent HIV? Constructing an Effective Prevention Program (PDF | 1.1MB)
The AIDS pandemic is one of the most severe epidemics in the modern era, with devastating demographic and economic effects. The pandemic has continued to spread at an alarmingly rapid pace - 2.7 million new infections occur each year (UNAIDS 2008a). The number of people living with HIV worldwide continues to increase as new people become infected and as antiretroviral therapy (ARV) extends the lifespan of people living with HIV (UNAIDS 2008a). Sub-Saharan Africa is the most heavily infected region, accounting for 67 percent of all people living with HIV and 75 percent of all AIDS-related deaths (UNAIDS 2008a). Of the 22.5 million people living with HIV in the region, it is estimated that 60 percent are women and 12 percent are children (UNAIDS 2008a). Given the increasing numbers of HIV-infected individuals, the social, health, and economic consequences are tremendous, and highlight the urgent need for effective HIV prevention programming.
Sandra I. McCoy, Fariyal F. Fikree and Nancy S. Padian Working Paper Feb 2009
Child and Adolescent Health, Diseases and Conditions, Interventions and Strategies, Maternal and Neonatal Health, Nutrition Controlling Birth Defects: Reducing the Hidden Toll of Dying and Disabled Children in Low-Income Countries (PDF | 829.3k)
Every year, an estimated 7.9 million children are born with a serious birth defect of genetic or partly genetic origin. Over 1 million more infants are born with serious birth defects of post-conception origin including those that result from maternal exposure to environmental agents (teratogens) such as alcohol, rubella, syphilis, and iodine deficiency that can harm the developing fetus (MOD 2006). Thus, an estimated 9 million infants - representing approximately 7 percent of all births - are born annually with a serious birth defect that may kill them or result in lifelong disability.
Christopher P. Howson, Arnold Christianson, Bernadette Modell Working Paper Dec 2008
Child and Adolescent Health, Economics and Cost-Effectiveness, Health Systems, Malnutrition, Nutrition, Prevention Stimulating Economic Growth Through Improved Nutrition (PDF | 1.1MB)
Undernutrition clearly remains widespread, even after significant reductions in poverty achieved in recent years. A recent review (Black and others 2008) suggests that maternal and child malnutrition is the underlying cause of 3.5 million deaths annually. Undernutrition accounts for 35 percent of the disease burden in children younger than age 5, and 11 percent of total global disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), a measure that takes into account the impact of both early mortality and disability.
Dr. Harold Alderman Brief Nov 2008
Economics and Cost-Effectiveness, Finance and Cost-Effectiveness, Health Policy, Health Systems, Interventions and Strategies Using Evidence About 'Best Buys' to Advance Global Health (PDF | 395.8k)
How much should it cost to save a life? If you had a million dollars for health, what would be the best way to spend it? How can we change incentives for health systems to adopt cost-effective interventions? These are some of the questions addressed by the Disease Control Priorities Project (DCPP), an international partnership launched earlier this decade to help policymakers decide how best to allocate their scarce health resources.
Ramanan Laxminarayan and Lori Ashford Brief Aug 2008
Community Health, Economics and Cost-Effectiveness, Family Planning, Finance and Cost-Effectiveness, Health Policy, Maternal and Neonatal Health, Surgery, Women's Health Fertility Regulation Behaviors and Their Costs: Contraception and Unintended Pregnancies in Africa and Eastern Europe & Central Asia (PDF | 2.6MB)
The report consists of three parts: global trends in fertility, contraceptive use and unintended pregnancies; studies of two regions (Africa and Eastern Europe/Central Asia) and two countries (Nigeria and Kazakhstan) on the costs of fertility regulation behaviors and provider attitudes towards contraceptive use.
Elizabeth Lule, Susheela Singh, Sadia Afroze Chowdhury Working Paper Dec 2007
Community Health, Economics and Cost-Effectiveness, Ethics, Finance, Health Systems, Malnutrition, Maternal and Neonatal Health, Nutrition, Surveillance, Women's Health Analyzing Health Equity Using Household Survey Data: A guide to techniques and their implementation (PDF | 3.3MB)
Have gaps in health outcomes between the poor and better off grown? Are they larger in one country than another? Are health sector subsidies more equally distributed in some countries than others? Are health care payments more progressive in one health care financing system than another? What are catastrophic payments and how can they be measured? How far do health care payments impoverish households? Answering questions such as these requires quantitative analysis. This in turn depends on a clear understanding of how to measure key variables in the analysis, such as health outcomes, health expenditures, need, and living standards. It also requires set quantitative methods for measuring inequality and inequity, progressivity, catastrophic expenditures, poverty impact, and so on. This book provides an overview of the key issues that arise in the measurement of health variables and living standards, outlines and explains essential tools and methods for distributional analysis, and, using worked examples, shows how these tools and methods can be applied in the health sector. The book seeks to provide the reader with both a solid grasp of the principles underpinning distributional analysis, while at the same time offering hands-on guidance on how to move from principles to practice
Owen O'Donnell , Eddy van Doorslaer , Adam Wagstaff , Magnus Lindelow Book Nov 2007
Emergency Medical Services, Health Systems, Hospitals, Injuries and Violence, Maternal and Neonatal Health, Surgery Bellagio Report - Conference on Increasing Access to Surgical Services in Resource-Constrained Settings in Sub-Saharan Africa (PDF | 60.7k)
In June 2007, international experts in surgery, anesthesia, health policy, epidemiology and health economics examined the necessary steps to increase access to surgical services in rural sub-Saharan Africa. Hosted by the Rockefeller Foundation's Bellagio Conference Center, health leaders from Eritrea, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Southern Sudan, Sweden, Tanzania, Uganda, USA, and the World Health Organization gathered for the Conference on Increasing Access to Surgical Services in Resource-Constrained Settings in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Dr. Haile Debas and the Bellagio Essential Surgery Group Brief Oct 2007
The Effects of Education Quality on Income Growth and Mortality Decline (PDF | 202.6k)
Previous work shows that higher levels of education quality (as measured by international student achievement tests) increases growth rates of national income. This paper begins by confirming those findings in an analysis involving more countries over more time with additional controls.
Eliot A. Jamison, Dean T. Jamison, and Eric A. Hanushek Working Paper Jul 2007
Family Planning, Finance and Cost-Effectiveness, Health Policy, Millennium Development Goals, Policy and Systems The Global Family Planning Revolution: Three Decades of Population Policies and Programs (PDF | 2.3MB)
The striking upsurge in population growth rates in developing countries at the close of World War II gained force during the next decade. From the 1950s to the 1970s, scholars and advocacy groups publicized the trend and drew troubling conclusions about its economic and ecological implications. Private educational and philanthropic organizations, government, and international organizations joined in the struggle to reduce fertility. Three decades later this movement has seen changes beyond anyone's most optimistic dreams, and global demographic stabilization is expected in this century. The Global Family Planning Revolution preserves the remarkable record of this success. Its editors and authors offer more than a historical record. They disccuss important lessons for current and future initiatives of the international community. Some programs succeeded while others initially failed, and the analyses provide valuable guidance for emerging health-related policy objectives and responses to global challenges.
Edited by Warren C. Robinson , John A. Ross Book Jun 2007
Economics and Cost-Effectiveness, Health Policy, Health Systems The Commonwealth Health Ministers Book 2007: Strengthening Health Systems (PDF | 594.3k)
Prof. Mills contributed a book chapter to the 2007 Commonwealth Health Ministers Book related to key lessons from DCPP on health systems. The issues were presented at the annual Commonwealth Health Ministers' Meeting held just prior to the World Health Assembly in May 2007.
Professor Anne Mills Other May 2007
Contributing and Risk Factors, Diseases and Conditions, Interventions and Strategies, Mental Disorders, Neurological Disorders, Noncommunicable Diseases Disease Control Priorities Related to Mental, Neurological, Developmental, and Substance Abuse Disorders (PDF | 1.8MB) World Health Organization (WHO) and Disease Control Priorities Project (DCPP) Book Nov 2006
Cancer, Community Health, Contributing and Risk Factors, Developmental Disabilities, Diabetes, Diarrheal Diseases, Diseases and Conditions, Economics and Cost-Effectiveness, HIV/AIDS, Health Policy, Infectious Diseases, Lifestyle, Malaria, Maternal and Neonatal Health, Mental Disorders, Neurological Disorders, Respiratory Diseases, Sexually Transmitted Infections, Surveillance, TB, Vaccine-Preventable Diseases, Women's Health Disease and Mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa, Second Edition (PDF | 5.1MB)
Current data and trends in morbidity and mortality for the Sub-Saharan Region as presented in this new edition reflect the heavy toll that HIV/AIDS has had on health indicators, leading to either a stalling or reversal of the gains made, not just for communicable disorders, but for cancers, as well as mental and neurological disorders.
Dean T. Jamison, Richard G. Feachem, Malegapuru W. Makgoba, Eduard R. Bos, Florence K. Baingana, Karen J. Hofman, and Khama O. Rogo Book Jun 2006
Global and Regional Burden of Disease and Risk Factors, 2001: Systematic Analysis of Population Health Data (The Lancet 2006; 367:1747-1757)
Our aim was to calculate the global burden of disease and risk factors for 2001, to examine regional trends from 1990 to 2001, and to provide a starting point for the analysis of the Disease Control Priorities Project (DCPP).
Lopez AD, Mathers CD, Ezzati M, Jamison DT, and Murray CJL Journal May 2006
Advancement of Global Health: Key Messages from the Disease Control Priorities Project (The Lancet 2006; 367: 1193-1208)
The Disease Control Priorities Project (DCPP), a joint project of the Fogarty International Center of the US National Institutes of Health, the WHO, and The World Bank, was launched in 2001 to identify policy changes and intervention strategies for the health problems of low-income and middle-income countries. Nearly 500 experts worldwide compiled and reviewed the scientific research on a broad range of diseases and conditions, the results of which are published this week. A major product of DCPP, Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries, 2nd edition (DCP2), focuses on the assessment of the cost-effectiveness of health-improving strategies (or interventions) for the conditions responsible for the greatest burden of disease. DCP2 also examines crosscutting issues crucial to the delivery of quality health services, including the organisation, financial support, and capacity of health systems. Here, we summarise the key messages of the project.
Ramanan Laxminarayan; Anne Mills; Joel G. Breman; Anthony R. Measham; George Alleyne; Miriam Cleason; Prabhat Jha; Philip Musgrove; Jeffrey Chow; Sonbol Shahid-Salles; and Dean T. Jamison Journal Apr 2006
Vaccine-Preventable Diseases Vaccine Preventable Diseases Still Take Toll in the Developing World The World Bank External Link Apr 2006
Economics and Cost-Effectiveness, Finance, Surveillance, TB DCP2 Tuberculosis Supplementary Material (Chapter 16 Annex) (PDF | 564.2k) Christopher Dye and Katherine Floyd Annex Apr 2006
Health Systems, Maternal and Neonatal Health, Surveillance, Women's Health Investing in Global Health "Best Buys" and Priorities for Action in Developing Countries (PPT | 463.5k) DCPP Presentation Apr 2006
Economics and Cost-Effectiveness, Ethics, Health Systems, Hospitals, Primary Care, Surveillance, TB, Technology, Women's Health Comparing Quality in Disparate Settings Using Vignettes to Control for Case-Mix Variation (PDF | 428.1k) John W. Peabody, Anli Liu, Lily Alisse, Jesus Aiying Sarol, Jane Yunjing Ren, Jorge Munoz, Carlos Carillo, Naveet Wig, Stella Alabatro Quimbo Working Paper Sep 2005
Comparative Risk Assessment, Drugs/Vaccines, Economics and Cost-Effectiveness, Health Systems, Millennium Development Goals, Noncommunicable Diseases, Occupational Health, Research and Development, Surveillance, Women's Health Mental Health and Labor Markets Productivity Loss and Restoration (PDF | 664.5k) Richard G. Frank, Catherine Koss Working Paper Feb 2005
Comparative Risk Assessment, Economics and Cost-Effectiveness, Finance, Health Systems, Malnutrition, Maternal and Neonatal Health, Prevention, Primary Care The Cost-Effectiveness of Primary Care Services in Developing Countries: A Review of the International Literature (PDF | 382.2k) Jane Doherty; Riona Govender Working Paper Dec 2004
Disaster Relief, Disasters and Wars, Economics and Cost-Effectiveness, Finance, Prevention Eradicating smallpox
Eradicating smallpox. A massive global effort spearheaded by the World Health Organization eradicated smallpox in 1977 and inspired the creation of the Expanded Programme on Immunization, which continues today.
Millions Saved/Center for Global Development External Link Nov 2004
Economics and Cost-Effectiveness, Sexually Transmitted Infections, Surveillance Preventing HIV and sexually transmitted infections in Thailand
In Thailand, the government's "100 percent condom program" targeting commercial sex workers and other high-risk groups helped prevent the spread of HIV relatively early in the course of the epidemic. Thailand had 80 percent fewer new cases of HIV in 2001 than in 1991 and has averted nearly 200,000 new cases.
Millions Saved/Center for Global Development External Link Nov 2004
Health Systems, Surveillance, TB Controlling tuberculosis in China
To address the problem of tuberculosis (TB) patients' early dropout from treatment, a national TB program in China implemented the directly observed treatment, short-course (DOTS) approach in which a health worker "watches" patients with TB daily for six months as they take their antibiotic treatment. The program helped reduce TB prevalence by 40 percent between 1990 and 2000 and dramatically improved the cure rate in half of China's provinces.
Millions Saved/Center for Global Development External Link Nov 2004
Economics and Cost-Effectiveness, Finance, Health Systems, Neurological Disorders, Vaccine-Preventable Diseases, Women's Health Eliminating polio in Latin America and the Caribbean
Beginning in 1985, a regionwide polio elimination effort led by the Pan American Health Organization immunized almost every young child in Latin America and the Caribbean, eliminating polio as a threat to public health in the Western Hemisphere in 1991.
Millions Saved/Center for Global Development External Link Nov 2004
Economics and Cost-Effectiveness, Health Systems, Maternal and Neonatal Health, Millennium Development Goals, Surveillance, Women's Health Saving mothers' lives in Sri Lanka
Despite relatively low national income and health spending, Sri Lanka's commitment to providing a range of "safe motherhood" services has led to a decline in maternal mortality from 486 deaths per 100,000 live births to 24 deaths per 100,000 live births over four decades
Millions Saved/Center for Global Development External Link Nov 2004