|Dietary and lifestyle factors||CVD||Type 2 diabetes||Cancer||Dental disease||Fracture||Cataract||Birth defects||Obesity||Metabolic syndrome||Depression||Sexual dysfunction|
|Pursue physical activity|
|Consume healthy types of fatsa|
|Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables|
|Replace refined grains with whole grains|
|Limit sugar intakeb|
|Limit excessive calories|
|Limit sodium intake|
Source: Authors' summary of a review by the WHO and FAO 2003; Bacon and others 2003; Fox 1999; IARC 2002.
Note: Bold = convincing; Standard = probable relation; = increase in risk; = decrease in risk.
a. Replace trans and saturated fats with mono- and polyunsaturated fats, including a regular source of N-3 fatty acids.
b. Includes limiting sugar-based beverages.